Lecture 8 - What's a Fair Start

Justice: What is the Right Thing to Do?

Harvard

Part 1 - What's a Fair Start?: Rawls argues that even meritocracya distributive system that rewards effortdoesnt go far enough in leveling the playing field because those who are naturally gifted will always get ahead. Furthermore, says Rawls, the naturally gifted cant claim much credit because their success often depends on factors as arbitrary as birth order. Sandel makes Rawlss point when he asks the students who were first born in their family to raise their hands.Part 2 - What Do We Deserve?: Sandel discusses the fairness of pay differentials in modern society. He compares the salary of former Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day OConnor ($200,000) with the salary of televisions Judge Judy ($25 million). Sandel asks, is this fair? According to John Rawls, it is not.

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